Natural Resources

Oil plant on ocean
Oil and Gas

We advise governments, National Oil Companies (NOC’s), International Oil Companies (IOC’s), Independent petroleum companies and service companies on the entire oil and gas value chain from exploration, production, storage, transportation, marketing and selling of fuels and lubricants. We also advise on local content legislations, fiscal and petroleum legal regimes.


The upstream sector involves the exploration and production of oil and gas. It is a unique sector that requires an in-depth understanding of business, legal and regulatory considerations prevailing in the industry. We advise and provide the below legal and business advisory services:

  • Legal and business advisory to companies active in the petroleum upstream sector
  • Legal, regulatory and business aspects of obtaining exploration and production licenses
  • Exploration and production of hydrocarbons
  • Confidentiality agreements and Non-Disclosure Agreements
  • Buying and selling participating interests in petroleum licenses
  • Buying and selling oil and gas producing assets
  • Due diligence buying and selling Exploration and Production companies (E&P)
  • Joint Operating Agreements (JOA)
  • Farm-in Agreements / Farm-out Agreements
  • Drilling Agreements
  • Areas of Mutual interest Agreements
  • Joint Study Agreements
  • Joint Bidding Agreements
  • Seismic Acquisition & Interpretation Contracts
  • Disposal and sale of hydrocarbons
  • Data Exchange Agreements
  • Accounting Procedures
  • Well Services contracts
  • Lifting Agreements


Between the upstream (exploration and production) and the downstream (refining and marketing oil products) is the midstream which entails pipelines, transportation and storage. We advise and provide the below legal and business advisory services:

  • Building, operating and leasing of natural gas pipelines
  • Pipeline construction contracts
  • Pipeline operation contracts
  • Fuel transportation agreements
  • Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) carriers


The downstream sector entails the refining and marketing of petroleum and petrochemicals products. There is a lot of downstream activities in Africa where refined petroleum products are sold to various countries and that requires industry advisers. We advise and provide the below legal and business advisory services:

  • Sale of petroleum products
  • Fuel supply agreements
  • Retailer dealer agreements
  • Throughput agreements
  • Sale of crude oil
LNG vessel
Liquified Natural Gas (LNG)

Countries with plenty of natural gas liquefy it and ship it by sea to markets across the World. The demand for natural gas is high because gas fired electricity generation is low carbon and an alternative to other fossil fuels source of power generation. We advise throughout the entire LNG supply chain, from liquefication to transportation, shipping and through to regasification in respect of both onshore and offshore projects. In addition, we advise and provide the following services:

  • LNG Sale and Purchase Agreements
  • LNG Facility Use Agreements
MINING AND METALS e1571169983374
Mining and Metals

We advise governments, international mining companies, local mining companies and metals companies throughout the value chain of mining operations from acquisition, financing, expansion and disposal. We provide the below legal and business advisory services:

  • Legal and business advisory in respect of regulations and legal procedures regarding mining exploration
  • Mining sector agreements
  • Licensing and renewals
  • Minerals trade
  • Legal and regulatory requirements in the mining and metals sector
  • Due diligence on behalf of investors
  • Investment facilitation and trading of precious minerals
MINING AND METALS e1571169983374
Environment and Climate Change

We advise governments, international bodies and companies on climate change and environmental regulatory compliance issues. The firm advises on broad areas of environmental law and represents both public and private entities as well as governments. In addition, we advise and provide the following services:

  • Legal and business advisory on environmental law matters
  • Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) Reports
  • Climate change policies and international instruments
  • Environment, health and safety laws at national, regional and international level